| 
  • If you are citizen of an European Union member nation, you may not use this service unless you are at least 16 years old.

  • Stop wasting time looking for files and revisions. Connect your Gmail, DriveDropbox, and Slack accounts and in less than 2 minutes, Dokkio will automatically organize all your file attachments. Learn more and claim your free account.

View
 

EXAMPLES OF OLMs

Page history last edited by Cristina Lamb Guevara 6 years, 11 months ago

 

 

F I L L E D - I N,   G R A P H I C   &    "S T R I P P E D"   O L M s   

 

 

 
FILLED-IN OLMs 

 

. The Challenge Program on Water and Food (taken from CPWF's M&E Guide) 

   

EXAMPLE 1  

PROJECT: Limpopo Basin

 

 

 

ACTOR

(or group of

actors who are expected to change in the same way)

 

 

 

CHANGE

IN PRACTICE

(required to help

fulfill the

Project Vision)

 

 

 

CHANGE IN

KNOWLEDGE,

ATTITUDES

AND SKILLS (KAS)

(required to help fulfill the Project Vision)

 

What are the

PROJECT'S STRATEGIES

(e.g., co-development of knowledge and technology, communication, political lobbying, etc.)

for achieving these changes in KAS and Practice?

 

Farmers

Extension officers

Water managers

Researchers

Students (who are future EOs & WMs)

Behaviour changed from conventional to IWRM paradigm

  • Develop awareness of the IWRM paradigm and practice
  • Training in skills such as conservation farming, soil water management, models, IWRM practice

 

Farmer & Water Manager training (partic.)

Extension Officer training

PhDs, MScs, BScs

Extension briefs & manuals

Water management institutions & stakeholders & policy makers

Have increase participation and build in land management into water management

  • IWRM awareness
  • Broadening agenda of institutions
  • Scaling up local water management innovations

New institutional models

Water managers

Researchers

Making decisions from an informed knowledge base in order to better allocate water

  • Trend and scenario modelling
  • Water resource models
  • Water availability assessments
  • Including surface water and groundwater

 

New decision support tools

New water resources models

Supporting data

Farmers

Extension

Officers

Outscaling improved and appropriate water harvesting

  • New skills in selecting and using appropriate off-field rainwater harvesting techniques and groundwater abstraction techniques
  • Knowledge of where different techniques can be applied effectively
  • Characterisation of suitable sites

Policy briefs on new and old technologies & approaches

Farmers

Extension

Officers

Outscaling improved and appropriate conservation farming and erosion management techniques

  • New skills in selecting and using appropriate conservation farming and erosion management techniques
  • Knowledge of where different techniques can be applied effectively
  • Characterisation of suitable sites

Policy briefs on conservation farming and erosion management

 

-

 

EXAMPLE 2

PROJECT : PN68 - Water Productivity in crop-livestock system

 

 

Actor or actors who will change

 

Change in Practice required to help fulfill the Project Vision

 

 

Change in Knowledge, Attitudes and Skills required to help fulfill the Project Vision

 

 

What are the project’s strategies for achieving these changes in KAS and Practice?

Farmers (participating farmers in the project sites, and farmers in neighbouring villages)

Adopt improved technologies (that will improve water productivity) on crop and fodder production, livestock management and dairy production

Knowledge – farmers learn the technology

Attitude – realize the value of good hygiene (e.g., milking)

Skills – skills to optimize land and water productivity for crops and livestock; clean milk production; marketing of dairy products; animal health care

Participatory trials and demonstrations; training courses; exposure visits; field days; special training for women farmers

Dairy Cooperatives

Promote the improved technologies to the other farmers

 

Involvement in field trials and demonstrations

PRADAN, BAIF

Train farmers and farmers group on improved technologies

Knowledge – NGOs learn the technology

 

Trainers’ training; involvement in research activities

Policy makers (Agricultural Production Commissioner – state level)

Develop and implement policy that promotes adoption of the improved technologies

Knowledge – awareness on the improved technologies

 

Dialogues; policy brief; invite in project workshops; visit project areas

 

-

 

EXAMPLE 3

PROJECT: Nile Basement Development Challenge

This OLM shows two impact pathways.

 

 

 

 

Actor(s) who

will change

in the same way

 

 

 

 

Their change in practice / behavior  

 

 

 

Change in KAS required to achieve the Practice change 

 

 

 

 

Project strategies to achieve the change in KAS and Practice 

 

 

 

Project Outputs (I.e. deliverables) involved in changes of KAS and Practice 

 

 

Start with this question: if this project is successful, WHO will change? What groups of people or organisations will be affected? Be realistic and prioritise the most 'affected'.

 

Then, try to be as specific about the actor groups as possible - in some cases you have the names or exact location of the actor(s) - use them here. 

 

A change in practice or behaviour is a change in the way people (in this case, the actor(s) in the 1st column) DO things. So here, try to use action words (such as: use, coordinate, plan, participate in, integrate, etc.)

 

To be able to 'use' something people need to be able to first know / understand it, and its advantages, or have developed the skills to use it, or at least to believe or trust the benefits of using it. Look at your practice change, and make explicit 2-4 KAS changes that are key to having the actor groups change their practice. 

 

 

How will your project contribute to make these changes happen? What are your ideas on how to help people change? Here, it may help to think what other projects have done before that has NOT worked well - what will your project do that is different? Better? Strategies can be the way you do things.   

 

 

These come straight out of your Gantt chart and your contracted deliverables. Which is/are your project(s)main output(s) related to this line of change? 

 

 

National and Regional Rain Water Management (RWM) systems planners active in study site landscapes, WEREDA 

 

Use more effective tools for planning for RWMS at landscape scale 

 

K: Are aware not only of the good tools available for planning RWMS at landscape level, but also of the benefits of doing strategic RWM. 

 

S: Have improved capacity to take into account social and ecological differentiation in planning

 

 

1) Co-development of the research outputs (tools) with these actors 

 

2) Trial tools in planning process cycles

 

 

Tools for planning (OUTPUT 1.1) 

 

Outcome narrativeWhile processes for NRM and agricultural development planning exist at various levels and occur in Ethiopia, RWMS planners do not have sufficient knowledge or adequate tools to engage in landcape- scale, integrated, and multisectoral planning.  N2 will co-develop tools for better landscape-scale planning with Wereda and National and Regional Rain Water Management (RWM) systems planners. N2 will test, refine and support planners in using these tools by engaging in existing planning processes at research sites using LPAs as vehicle. By doing this we support planners in study sites to increase their technical capacity to use evidence based and cross sectoral planning to tailor interventions to different social and ecological landscape niches. 

 

 

Uptake: Farmers and communities in study site landscapes 

 

Farmers and communities participate increasingly in individual or RWM collective action and demonstrate increased innovation and uptake of RMS 

 

K: Farmers know and experience that community resource management actually works in certain landscapes            

S: Increased capacity of farmers and communities to engage in collective action and other local agents to support them

 

 

1) Participatory action research in study landscapes based on developing or strengthening institutions for innovation 

 

2) Testing of clearly defined hypotheses regarding potential interventions, developed through joint baseline assessment and problem identification

 

 

Institutions governance assessment (OUTPUT 2.1) 

 

Multi-level actor engagement (OUTPUT 2.2)  

 

Incentives and barriers to RMS (OUTPUT 2.3)

 

 

Outcome narrative: Local institutions and their knowledge for NRM are weak, that specific barriers to innovation exist, and that removing barriers and strengthening institutions will help improve innovation and adoption for RMS.  N2 research on change processes & innovation, starting with a baseline assessment of barriers, identifies entry points for action research.  Institutional strengthening in study landscapes, using multi-level actor engagement, will demonstrate the value of RMS, e.g demonstrating the value of managing some community resources in a collective way. From that the knowledge & attitude at community level will improve resulting in action that positively impacts productivity of certain areas of the landscape, further leading to increased innovation and uptake.

 

-

 

EXAMPLE 4

PROJECT :  A3 - designing and implementing benefit-sharing mechanisms and Building Collective Action for Water Benefit Sharing Mechanisms in the Andes - shows two outcome pathways.

 

 

 

Actor(s) who will change in the same way

 

 

 

Their change in practice / behaviour  

 

 

Change in KAS required to achieve the Practice change 

 

 

 

Project strategies to achieve the change in KAS and Practice 

 

 

Project Outputs (I.e. deliverables) involved in changes of KAS and Practice 

 

Local environmental authorities in each of the basins 

COLOMBIA >  CORTOLIMA, CORPOAMAZONAS and CVC.

 

ECUADOR > FONAP, Municipalidad de Cuenca

 

PERU > SENAMHI, Municipalidad de Huaraz

 

BOLIVIA> EPSAS, Instituto de Hidraulica e Hidrologia

 

 

Include in their analysis for investments and economic activities factors and variables offered in the NSS that were not considered before.


Understand and better manage water resources systems.

 

K: Know how to do resources valuation with emphasis on water and long- term accounting

 

K: Have increased knowledge on the way watershed systems work on biophysical aspects, and of current systems 

 

K: Know how to do long term accounting

 

A: Realize there are different and new ways of using information and technology to improve the achievement of their purposes.

 

S: Improved capacity in environmental modelling, use of free and open sources of data and in the integration of social and biophysical knowledge. 

 

 

Supporting online documentation 

 

Supporting online training materials 

 

Outreach, user engagement and training

 

Learning Alliance for dissemination of lessons learnt 

 

 

Negotiation Analysis Outputs:

 

A web based Negotiation Support System (NSS) that provides a thorough understanding of the impacts of BSM in any catchment within the Andes including risk analysis and management, incentive design and valuation proposals

 

 

Outcome narrativeIn order to induce a change in the way institutions at different levels are valuing resources and taking decisions affecting water and agricultural resources, the project will put at their service a web based Negotiation Support System. This is a system that serves organizations at different scales with data, information and the capability of understanding the impacts of BSM in any catchment within the Andes. Once they are properly engaged in its use, received basic training and guidance, they will be in the possibility of taking more informed decisions, which, in parallel with the involvement of key stakeholders, will modify current affairs towards more sustainable, fair and equitable benefit sharing mechanisms. 

 

 

Producers and Trade Associations benefiting from the goods and services provided by the watershed

 

 

Establish agreements to make BSMs effective.

 

Establish agreements for effective benefit sharing.

 

 

K: Knowledge of the implications and advantages of BSMs.

 

S: Capacity to apply BSMs tools

 

A: Positive attitude in recognizing their role in the establishment of agreements and awareness of the investment this process requires

 

 

Capacity Building

 

Exchange of experiences

 

Participation in pre-negotiation meetings

 

 

A series of agreements between stakeholders (citizens, NGOs, CBOs, governments) through the process of 'Conversatorio for Citizen Action'  

 
Outcome narrative: The project will promote that  Producers and Trade Associations of the watershed establish agreements that recognize, value and make effective  the application/implementation of BSMs, recognize, value and have willingness to apply/implement  BSMs, allowing them to recognize the environmental goods and services they use in their economic activities.

 

 

-

 

EXAMPLE 5

PROJECT : N3 - targeting and scaling out rain water management (RWM) interventions in the Nile

 

 

 

Actor(s) who will change in the same way

 

 

 

Their change in practice / behaviour  

 

 

Change in KAS required to achieve the Practice change 

 

 

 

Project strategies to achieve the change in KAS and Practice 

 

Project Outputs (I.e. deliverables) involved in changes of KAS and Practice 

 

National Research Centers (ARARI, OARI)

 

Broaden the scope of their research beyond the application of blanket approaches towards more targeted interventions

 

K: Understand the need for targeting approaches

K: Improved understanding of the mosaic of different landscapes and socio-economic contexts

S: Improved spatial analysis skills

S: Practice in the use of the methodology developed

 

1.Co-development of the methodology and targeting approaches

2. Joint data collection and validation

3. Providing training in spatial analysis and targeting methods

4. Focal points at different institutes collaborate in application of methodology, ie. the undertaking of analysis

 

 

1. A generic targeting methodology for identifying what RMS work best in which parts of the Nile basin, that can be applied to other African river basins (OP1) 

2. Maps of targeted RMS (OP2) and recommendation domains (OP3)

3. RMS targeting manuals

 

 

Outcome Narrative: While research on NRM and agricultural development is conducted at various levels in Ethiopia, the in-appropriateness of "blanket approaches" has not been fully understood by the researchers in the national research institutes.  In consultation with researchers, implementers and policy makers, N3 will come up with a generic methodology for matching technologies with environments.  N3 will conduct tailor-made GIS and spatial analysis training at OARI and ARARI, enabling us to collaborate in data collection and validation, co-develop suitability maps for particular sets of practices.  By doing this, N3 will support researchers in the national research institutes to increase their technical capacity to apply evidence based analysis and GIS approaches to tailor interventions to different social and ecological landscape niches. 

 

 

 

 

Actor(s) who will change in the same way

 

 

 

Their change in practice / behaviour  

 

 

Change in KAS required to achieve the Practice change 

 

 

 

Project strategies to achieve the change in KAS and Practice 

 

 

 

Project Outputs (I.e. deliverables) involved in changes of KAS and Practice 

 

 

Policy makers, MOARD and AG bureaus

 

These actors will incorporate the concept of tailoring water management policies to specific bio-physical and socio-economic conditions in the Ethiopian highlands in their decision making process

 

K: Understanding the need for targeting approaches


A: positive attitude to invest differently in different regions


A: eagerness to apply evidence-based decision making


K: Understand how to use the results from priority setting studies

 

 

1. Facilitate linkages between policy makers and technical people, thereby fostering a collaborative attitude

2. Through early and continuous engagement work towards inclusion of their needs in the framework, thereby improving the knowledge and acceptance of methodology and results

3. Participate in policy dialogues (N5) and use these to communicate clear and concise policy messages


 

Maps and recommendation domains of most suitable RMS for different regions in the Ethiopian highlands (OP 2 and 3)

 

 

Outcome Narrative: N3 contributes to potential policy change by participating in national policy dialogue processes lead by N5, providing results and ensuring relevance of these results through early engagement.  The N3 team will work together with policy makers, researchers and implementers to come up with RMS definition and scenarios; they will also work out the requirements of targeting tools and maps, so that the needs of different stakekolders are taken into account. As the actual targeting analysis is likely to remain the responsibility of technical analysts in the national research institutes, N3 will endeavour to bring technical and policy actors together through workshops and follow-up discussions, thereby fostering a collaborative attitude.

 

 

 

 

Actor(s) who will change in the same way

 

 

 

Their change in practice / behaviour  

 

 

Change in KAS required to achieve the Practice change 

 

 

 

Project strategies to achieve the change in KAS and Practice 

 

 

Project Outputs (I.e. deliverables) involved in changes of KAS and Practice 

 

 

Extension services and NGOs from Amhara, Tigray and Oromia regions of the Blue Nile

 

Field agents and staff are more effectively tailoring the interventions to specific biophysical and socio-economic conditions in the Ethiopian highlands

 

K: Understanding the need for targeting approaches

A: Positive attitude to use novel approaches by seeing the benefits of their use

K and A: Understand the importance of the decision making tools and maps and how to use them

 

 

 

1. Building on existing information (i.e. IWMI AWM project, WOCAT), the project team will engage with NGOs, extension officers, etc., to complete the understanding of the niches for water management interventions

2. Proof of concept of how targeting can help to select good RMS for particular regions (with N2)

3. Development of appropriate dissemination and communication materials for well-targeted audiences    

4. Avail consolidated databases                              

5. Co-production and co-ownership of outputs to ensure buy-in from local partners

 

 

Maps and recommendation domains of most suitable RMS for different regions in the Ethiopian highlands (OP 2 and 3)

 

 

Outcome narrative: The knowledge of implementing actors such as NGOs and extension agents about RMS and the evidence-base for targeting them is relatively weak.  N3 in collaboration with N2 will demonstrate the value of RMS and its matching to social and ecological niches.  With input from researchers and implementers in the region the existing databases on RMS and bio-physical as well as socio-economic characteristics of the Blue Nile Basin will be updated.  N3, in collaboration with N5, will ensure free access to these consolidated and well-documented databases. N3 will further develop appropriate dissemination and communication materials, making sure the maps and tools are helpful for the local actors. From that the knowledge & attitude will improve resulting in action that improves productivity of certain areas of the landscape.

 

 

 

 

 

GRAPHIC & STRIPPED OLMs  


EXAMPLE 1

PROJECT : Nile Basement Development Challenge (CPWF)

 

 


EXAMPLE 2

PROJECT : Ganges River Basin (CPWF) 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CPWF introduced the idea of stripping back OLMs to their core logic, since they can become quite long and verbose. By presenting OLMs in this way, they can be easier to grasp, and more useful for group reflection.

 

 

 

EXAMPLE 3

PROJECTNile Basement Development Challenge (CPWF)

 

          

 

 

 

 

 

Next page: VI.    Feedback on use of OLMs from various projects

Comments (0)

You don't have permission to comment on this page.